How is Psychosis diagnosed?
Psychosis as a mental illness is usually diagnosed by psychiatrists based on the symptoms of the patient and is made according to the internationally recognised diagnostic systems. Other professions (such as clinical psychologists) can also give an initial diagnosis, refer patients and assist patients as well as their families. The process of diagnosis will include getting to know the patient in-depth as well as finding relevant information from their family members (i.e. medical history). Internationally recognised diagnostic systems currently include DSM-5 and ICD-10.
In general, if an individual is suspected to be suffering from psychosis, they can first seek advice from a general practitioner who would then advise them, if they need to be referred to a psychiatrist or a psychologist for further check-ups, assessment and treatment. Professionals may require the individual, his/her family members and friends to provide more relevant details; all information will be treated with the utmost confidentiality. Psychiatrists may also be able to schedule biological investigation such blood tests, X-rays or brain scans for identifying any biological causes of psychosis. Then a clear formulation of the condition of the individual patient will be formed and appropriate intervention plan for the individual will be designed. The intervention and further monitoring of the condition will involve multiple professionals.
Apart from main medical service, care for patients are supported by many other services in the communities in order to provide a comprehensive care to the patients and their family. Please click here if you are interested in learning more about other relevant services.
If the circumstance is urgent or serious, patient and family members can also visit the nearby A&E/Emergency department directly.